NREL主導のブレークスルーにより、ペロブスカイト電池の安定性と効率が向上(NREL-Led Breakthrough Pushes Perovskite Cell to Greater Stability, Efficiency)


2022-09-01 アメリカ国立再生可能エネルギー研究所(NREL)

The inverted architecture of this perovskite solar cell, coupled with surface engineering, enabled researchers to improve efficiency and stability. Photo from NREL

チームは、ペロブスカイトの表面に新しい分子、3-(Aminomethyl) pyridine(3-APy)を加えた。この分子はペロブスカイト内のホルムアミジニウムに反応し、ペロブスカイト層表面に電場を発生させる。その結果、効率だけでなく安定性も大幅に向上した。


高効率で安定した反転ペロブスカイト太陽電池のための表面反応 Surface reaction for efficient and stable inverted perovskite solar cells

Qi Jiang,Jinhui Tong,Yeming Xian,Ross A. Kerner,Sean P. Dunfield,Chuanxiao Xiao,Rebecca A. Scheidt,Darius Kuciauskas,Xiaoming Wang,Matthew P. Hautzinger,Robert Tirawat,Matthew C. Beard,David P. Fenning,Joseph J. Berry,Bryon W. Larson,Yanfa Yan & Kai Zhu
Nature  Published:01 September 2022

We are providing an unedited version of this manuscript to give early access to its findings. Before final publication, the manuscript will undergo further editing. Please note there may be errors present which affect the content, and all legal disclaimers apply.


Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with an inverted structure (often referred to as the p-i-n architecture) are attractive for future commercialization due to their easily scalable fabrication, reliable operation, and compatibility with a wide range of perovskite-based tandem device architectures1,2. However, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of p-i-n PSCs falls behind n-i-p (or normal) structure counterparts3-6. This large performance gap could undermine efforts to adopt p-i-n architectures, despite their other advantages. Given the remarkable advances in perovskite bulk materials optimization over the past decade, interface engineering has become the most important strategy to push PSC performance to its limit7,8. Here, we report a reactive surface engineering approach based on a simple post-growth treatment of 3-(Aminomethyl)pyridine (3-APy) on top of a perovskite thin film. First, the 3-APy molecule selectively reacts with surface FA+, reducing perovskite surface roughness and surface potential fluctuations associated with surface steps/terraces. Second, the reaction product on the perovskite surface decreases the formation energy of charged iodine-vacancies, leading to effective n-type doping with a reduced work function in the surface region. With this reactive surface engineering, the resulting p-i-n PSCs obtained a PCE over 25%, along with retaining 87% of the initial PCE after over 2400 h of one-sun operation at about 55°C in air.