2024-02-09 ニューヨーク大学 (NYU)
IBM の Eagle Kicked Ising 実験の効率的な テンソルネットワーク シミュレーション Efficient Tensor Network Simulation of IBM’s Eagle Kicked Ising Experiment
Joseph Tindall, Matthew Fishman, E. Miles Stoudenmire, and Dries Sels
PRX Quantum Published 23 January 2024
We report an accurate and efficient classical simulation of a kicked Ising quantum system on the heavy hexagon lattice. A simulation of this system was recently performed on a 127-qubit quantum processor using noise-mitigation techniques to enhance accuracy [Y. Kim et al., Nature, 618, 500–5 (2023)]. Here we show that, by adopting a tensor network approach that reflects the geometry of the lattice and is approximately contracted using belief propagation, we can perform a classical simulation that is significantly more accurate and precise than the results obtained from the quantum processor and many other classical methods. We quantify the treelike correlations of the wave function in order to explain the accuracy of our belief propagation-based approach. We also show how our method allows us to perform simulations of the system to long times in the thermodynamic limit, corresponding to a quantum computer with an infinite number of qubits. Our tensor network approach has broader applications for simulating the dynamics of quantum systems with treelike correlations.