環境 – 水をきれいにするロボット(EnvironmentーClean water bots)

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2022-04-04 オークリッジ国立研究所(ORNL)

オークリッジ国立研究所が開発した水中ドローン「AquaBOT」を使えば、河川ネットワーク全体の水質を、従来の方法よりも正確に、迅速に、低コストで測定することが可能になりました。
操縦可能なAquaBOTは、水質が変動しやすい中規模河川の全長にわたって、硝酸塩、水温、溶存酸素などの水質指標を測定します。

<関連情報>

センサー搭載型無人探査機による中・低次河川の高分解能水質マッピング Sensor-Equipped Unmanned Surface Vehicle for High-Resolution Mapping of Water Quality in Low- to Mid-Order Streams

Natalie A. Griffiths, Peter S. Levi, Jeffery S. Riggs, Christopher R. DeRolph, Allison M. Fortner, and Jason K. Richards
ACS Publications Publication Date:March 3, 2022
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsestwater.1c00342

Abstract

Longitudinal profiling of water quality via the deployment of sensors from watercraft has advanced the understanding of spatial patterns in large rivers and lakes; however, a similar approach in low- to mid-order streams is lacking. To fill this gap, we developed an unmanned surface vehicle (USV)-water quality measurement platform (the “AquaBOT”). The components of the AquaBOT included a nitrate sensor, multiparameter sonde (temperature, conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll), quantum sensor, and global positioning system (GPS) mounted to a small pontoon-style USV. The AquaBOT was tested in four streams and rivers in Iowa and Tennessee. All measured water quality parameters varied longitudinally, and greater ranges were generally observed along the low-order, agriculturally influenced streams in Iowa. Nitrate, in particular, was spatially heterogeneous. For example, during one run in early June, concentrations ranged from 10.5 to 12.5 mg N L–1 along a 2.3 km reach and hotspots were observed directly downstream of some tile drains. The spatial resolution of AquaBOT data collected in June was 10× higher than grab sampling data, and measurements were collected in less time and at a comparable cost. The AquaBOT can complement existing measurement approaches and will lead to advancements in understanding the processes driving water quality along the stream-to-river continuum.

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