ウラン鉱物の世界初のデータベースを発表(Researchers publish first-of-its-kind database for uranium minerals)

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2024-04-02 オークリッジ国立研究所(ORNL)

Credit: Tyler Spano/ORNL, U.S. Dept. of Energy
Credit: Tyler Spano/U.S. Dept of Energy

米国のオークリッジ国立研究所の核不拡散科学者は、ウラン鉱物に関する構造-分光関係の公開データベースであるCURIESを発表しました。このデータベースは、ラマンやIRなどの振動分光法を使用し、鉱物の構造に基づいた重要な特徴を決定します。これにより、新しい関係を見つける研究を支援し、スペクトルの特性を素早く評価し、分析することが可能です。

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CURIES: ウランラマンおよび赤外実験スペクトルの大要 CURIES: Compendium of uranium Raman and infrared experimental spectra

Tyler L. Spano, Travis A. Olds, Marshall McDonnell, Robert Smith, Jennifer L. Niedziela, Andrew Miskowiec, Roger Kapsimalis and Ashley E. Shields
American Mineralogist  Published:November 30, 2023
DOI:https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2022-8738

Abstract

Identification of radioactive materials is a critical goal of resource exploration, basic actinide science, and nuclear forensics, and we provide here new insights toward rapid, nondestructive analysis of uranium-containing minerals and technogenic phases. Raman and infrared spectroscopic data are powerful indicators of solid-phase U(VI) coordination chemistry. In addition, U(VI) minerals exhibit high chemical and structural diversity as artifacts of geochemical processes leading to ore formation. Spectral signals of axial UO2+2(U−Oyl) bond lengths and the influences of additional oxyanions on these values are well documented for uranium oxide and oxysalt minerals and technogenic phases. Additional insight regarding the underlying crystallographic structure and chemical composition of uranium materials can be extracted through a survey of all available Raman spectroscopic data for these phases. To this end, we have developed the Compendium of Uranium Raman and Infrared Experimental Spectra (CURIES). CURIES was compiled via a thorough review of literature and databases, and for mineral species that lack measured and recorded spectra, data were obtained either from museum and academic collections or by direct syntheses. Characteristic Raman spectroscopic features for subgroups of uranyl minerals within CURIES were elucidated using multivariate statistical analyses. In addition, average spectra for groups of uranyl minerals were determined, providing insight into common spectroscopic characteristics that are indicative of the structural origins from which they arise. As of publication, 275 mineral species and technogenic phases have been entered in CURIES, and of these, 83 phases have published spectra that have been included in the CURIES database. Data collection is ongoing, and we have triaged missing data sets to assess CURIES for completion and to identify mineral groups that lack representation and should therefore be prioritized for data acquisition and inclusion in the database.

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