チーニュー実験、核セキュリティとエネルギー原子炉を支持するデータで終了(Chi-Nu experiment concludes with data to support nuclear security, energy reactors)

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2023-09-27 ワシントン州立大学(WSU)

◆Chi-Nu物理実験は、ロスアラモス国立研究所で行われ、ウラン-238、ウラン-235、プルトニウム-239の3つの主要なアクチニウム元素に関する核分裂データを提供しました。
◆この実験により、核セキュリティ向上、安全性理解、高速中性子エネルギー炉設計に役立つ情報が得られ、これまで観察されなかった核分裂プロセスも明らかになりました。実験データは核兵器やエネルギー炉の開発に重要で、モデルや計算に利用されています。

<関連情報>

1.5-20MeV中性子による238U(n,f)の10keV-10MeV即発核分裂中性子スペクトルの測定 Measurement of the 238U(n,f) prompt fission neutron spectrum from 10 keV to 10 MeV induced by neutrons with 1.5–20 MeV energy

K. J. Kelly, M. Devlin, J. M. O’Donnell, D. Neudecker, A. E. Lovell, R. C. Haight, C. Y. Wu, R. Henderson, E. A. Bennett, T. Kawano, J. L. Ullmann, N. Fotiades, J. Henderson, S. M. Mosby, T. N. Taddeucci, P. Talou, M. C. White, J. A. Gomez, and H. Y. Lee
Physical Review C  Published 14 August 2023
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.108.024603

チーニュー実験、核セキュリティとエネルギー原子炉を支持するデータで終了(Chi-Nu experiment concludes with data to support nuclear security, energy reactors)

ABSTRACT

With the recent emergence of fast nuclear reactors, there has been a corresponding increasing interest in 238U-related nuclear data. However, while existing literature data span much of the energy ranges of interest for the prompt fission neutron spectrum (PFNS) for neutron-induced fission of 238U, most literature data sets are highly correlated, and thus new, independent measurements of this quantity are needed. In this work, we report the results of a new measurement of the 238U PFNS at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center for incident neutron energies from 1.5–20.0 MeV, and outgoing neutron energies of 0.01–10.0 MeV. With some notable exceptions, the present results generally agree with existing literature data, especially with regard to features relating to multichance fission and pre-equilibrium features in the PFNS, thus adding confidence to existing nuclear data evaluations and filling in gaps of knowledge at previously unmeasured incident neutron energies. This result is the third in a series of PFNS measurements by the Chi-Nu collaboration now spanning all three major actinides, 239Pu, 235U, and 238U. Thus, for the first time, we report reliable experimental PFNS ratios and average PFNS energy comparisons for measurements of all three of these isotopes including accurate correlations between the different, but correlated experiments.

2000原子力放射線一般
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